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Miofeedback In Physiotherapy

 Miofeedback In Physiotherapy



Miofeedback: Advantages and Disadvantages
physiotherapy
Miofeedback technique is a powerful tool in physiotherapy. In everyday life we are constantly guided by feedback or information that modulates our business. The importance of this tool is that it allows us to break the Barrea considered autonomic biological functions with the control of voluntary activity.


Definitions
* Feedback
* Biofeedback – concerning the biological activity – BFB -
* Miofeedback – detects muscle electroactivity


Miofeedback Process
Three electrodes are applied (one makes of indifferent and the other two asset (the remaining two waves captures a positive charge and the other negative charge waves with reference wing neutral or indifferent).


The equipment is extremely sensitive, that detects microvolt levels on the skin from the depolarization of muscle fibers. The miofeedback not represent the muscle activity as an electromyograph, but integrates the signal in half of all muscle activity.


Biofeedback Systems
- For sensory perception (sight, touch, proprioception, balance, etc.).
By mechanical pressure (sphincter pressure).
- Moisture (sweat, urine).
By brain activity.
By temperature.
- Blood pressure.
- For myoelectric activity (miofeedback).
- Strain (elongation and bending).
- For heart rate.
- For respiratory rate.

Miofeedback: Advantages and Disadvantages


Advantages of the Miofeedback technique
The advantages of the Miofeedback technique allow:
* Direct observation of the therapeutic activity, both the patient and the therapist.
* The patient quickly understand and learn the task assigned.
* The patient is encouraged in their level of participation.
* You can see the evolution of the process objective.
* May apply modifications to avoid errors or adapt to changes.
* The method or protocol is customized for each patient.
* It helps in the process of paralysis.
* It is a safe method (except in intracavitary applications).
* Allows you to treat children by the ease of adapting to the computer entertainment gadgets.
* Lets try it facilitates the concentration of elderly in therapy.
* Can be used by patients with some level of intellectual disability.

Disadvantages of the Miofeedback technique

* It takes good quality equipment and high performance.
* For incontinence therapies requires appropriate facilities, specific working methodologies, domain and very specific expertise in these techniques and hygiene care with the material.
* The parasitic electrical waves abound and frequently alter the normal treatment.
* The care and handling of electrodes and wires for the patient should be exquisite.
* The small and portable equipment greatly limit the possibilities of therapy.

Method of Work

Active (positive or increasing muscle activity, strengthening). Improvements to other biological activities.
Passive (negative or control in reducing muscle activity, relaxation). Control of declining biological activities.

Miofeedback combination With electrical stimulation

The detected miofeedback voluntary muscle activity. The electrical stimulation causes involuntary muscle contraction. The electrodes must be different for each function

Active work can take place both at the time of stimulation as in the detection. The team (or teams) should be well coordinated to separate stimulation of detecting myoelectric

Processes will be implemented in peripheral partial paralysis, selective toning a muscle fascicle and muscle atrophy global


This technique is typical of fatigue incontinence pelvic floor. Many other muscles can be developed also with the technical and electrostimulation miofeedback

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